Appendix C

Locally Listed Buildings

 

IMG_1708.jpg

Heritage Assets - General  

The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF June 2019) states that Heritage  Assets are an irreplaceable resource and a local planning authority working with  the community should ensure they are conserved in a manner appropriate to their  significance, thus ensuring the historic environment can be enjoyed, and act as an  important contribution to the quality of life of existing and future generations.  

This is central to the environmental objectives outlined in the National Planning  Policy Framework (June 2019) where achieving sustainable development includes an environmental objective as outlined in §8. (c):  

…….to contribute to protecting and enhancing our natural, built and historic  environment; including making effective use of land………….. 

Furthermore, ……. Planning policies and decisions should play an active role in  guiding development towards sustainable solutions, but in doing so should take  local circumstances into account, to reflect the character, needs and  opportunities of each area.  

Heritage Assets – Historic England guidelines 

Historic England Guidelines (January 2021: Note 7 second edition) recommends that the following factors may be considered:  

Cultural Landscapes: heritage assets associated with a significant period in an  area’s history  

Social History: assets associated with the social history of an area, including  intangible aspects of heritage such as traditions and practices, or literary  associations  

Patterns of Settlement: notable examples of planned or incidental planning  including; street plans; characteristic clusters of assets; interrelationship be- tween  buildings and open spaces; major infrastructure  

Local Figures: assets associated with individuals of local importance including  those identified by commemorative plaque schemes  

Criterion Description: 

Age: The age of an asset may be an important criterion and the age range can be  adjusted to take into account distinctive local characteristics 

Rarity: Appropriate for all assets, as judged against local characteristics Group value Groupings of assets with a clear visual, design or historic relationship  

Evidential value: The significance of a local heritage asset of any kind may be  enhanced by a significant contemporary or historic written record 

Age and Historic association: The significance of a local heritage asset of any kind  may be enhanced by a significant historical association of local or national note,  including links to important local figures 

Archival Interest: The significance of a local heritage Asset of any kind may be  enhanced by a significant historic written record. 

Archaeological interest:This may be an appropriate reason to designate a locally  significant asset on the grounds of archaeological interest if the evidence base is  sufficiently compelling and if a distinct area can be identified  

Cultural landscapes: Relating to the interest attached to locally important  designed landscapes, parks and gardens  

Landmark status: An asset with strong communal or historical associations, or  because it has especially striking aesthetic value, may be singled out as a  landmark within the local scene  

Social and communal History: Relating to places perceived as a source of local  identity, distinctiveness, social interaction and coherence; often residing in  intangible aspects of heritage contributing to the “collective memory” of a place  

Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames: 

The borough archives indicate ‘Buildings of Townscape Merit’ were finally  considered as important assets back in the 1980’s, and a list of buildings was included in the Borough-wide Local Plan 1989 and Unitary Development Plan  (UDP) 1992.  

The records and criteria for designation were minimal at that time. UDP Policy UD7  stated: 

The council will identify individual buildings and groups of buildings of special  Townscape Merit whose preservation will be encouraged by: 

a) Encouraging the owners of those buildings to maintain, repair and restore  them

b) Bringing to the attention of the department of the environment any building  which appears to merit inclusion on the statutory list of buildings of special  architectural or historic interest.  

The list of buildings has grown over the years as agreed through the various  committees and is still relevant today. The Growth Committee March 2018  confirmed the most recent criteria for designation (September 2015), and updated  the designation from Building of Townscape Merit to Locally Listed Building.

These can be viewed on the council’s Heritage map.

 

We have used the current criteria from the Growth Committee March 2018 update  to recommend new additions to that list.  

 

The borough council uses Historic England’s guidelines for Local Heritage Listing as  advised in Note 7 to: 

Recognise the quality of the borough’s built heritage 

• Recognise the contribution this heritage makes to the landscape and built environment 

• Protect this heritage for future generations.  

When deciding a building or structure is considered for local listing status, they will  look to see if: 

1. Any building, not statutorily listed, which can be proved to date from before 1840.  2. Selected buildings, not statutorily listed, dating from between 1840-1939 of definite  quality and character. These are assessed by whether a building comes under one  or more of the following categories:  

i. was included as Grade III on the former statutory list;  

ii. retains a substantial proportion of original features;  

iii. has group value;  

iv. has association with well known characters or events;  

v. displays special value within a certain type or illustrates social, economic or  industrial history (e.g. railway stations, schools, alms houses etc.)  

vi. by reason of its appropriateness to the site and interrelationship with other  buildings makes a contribution to the landscape.  

3. Post 1939 buildings, not statutorily listed, which are exceptionally good examples of  the architectural output of the period and/or are the work of principal architects. 

4. Any building, not statutorily listed and regardless of its date, that demonstrates  building materials or methods or external decorative features that are of special  interest due to their rarity or to demonstrating local character.  

Current Heritage Assets in North Kingston  

The North Kingston Neighbourhood Area currently has 37 listed buildings or blocks  of buildings. The North Kingston Forum proposes those currently listed be maintained as heritage assets, and recommend a further 8 buildings for  consideration. 

North Kingston – current Locally Listed Buildings 

1. Retaining Wall Brunswick Court, Lower Ham Rd, KT2 5SR 

2. The Albany Boat House, 92 Lower Ham Rd, KT2 5BB 

3. 91-93 Richmond Rd, KT2 5BP 

4. 74-84 Richmond Rd, KT2 5EL 

5. Kingston College, 55-59 Richmond Rd, KT2 5BP 

6. The Pottery Public House, 20 Park Rd, KT2 6BE 

7. 300-308 Kings Rd, KT2 5JL 

8. 314-320 Kings Rd, KT2 5JL 

9. 19-21 Tudor Rd, KT2 6AS 

10. 35 Queens Rd, KT2 7SL 

11. 1-13 Park Rd, KT2 6BX 

12. 16 Clifton Rd, KT2 6PW 

13. 9-19 Kingston Hill, KT2 7PW 

14. Norbiton Station, Coombe Rd, KT2 7QE 

North Kingston Forum recommendations for new Locally Listed Buildings which will  preserve and enhance the character of the neighbourhood:  

15. The Kingston Academy (main building), Richmond Rd, KT2 5PE 16.162 - 174 Tudor Drive, including the Parade and Cardinal Public House 17.St Luke’s Vicarage, 4 Burton Rd, KT2 5TE 

18.Latchmere School (main building), Latchmere Rd, KT2 5TT 

19.Dysart Estate Historic Wall, 102-110 Lower Ham Rd 

20.18-22 Clifton Rd, KT2 6PH 

21.Queens Head Public House, 144 Richmond Rd, KT2 5HA 

22.Wych Elm Public House, 93 Elm Rd, KT2 6HT

The location of the existing and nominated Locally Listed Buildings are viewed in  the map at the end of this document.

Also within the North Kingston Forum designated area are the following Grade II  listed buildings and War Memorials: 

I. The Cottage and garden walls, 30 Dukes Ave, KT2 5QY 

II. Church of St Luke, Gibbon Rd, KT2 6AB 

III. Former Regal Cinema, 22-30 Richmond Rd, KT2 5ED 

IV. Former Sopwith Aviation Co. Factory, Canbury Park Rd 

V. Former Hawker Aircraft Experimental Shop, Siddeley House, 50 Canbury Park  Rd, KT2 6LX 

VI. Park Works Fire Watcher’s Post and former refuge and staff facilities, 18-20  Borough Rd, KT2 6BD 

VII. The Gatehouse (or Keep) and attached walls and railings at Kingston  Barracks, Kings Rd, KT2 5UF 

VIII. Roman Catholic Church of St Agatha, Wyndham Rd, KT2 5JR IX. Church of St Paul, Queens Rd, KT2 7SF 

X. Garden wall and gate piers to Vicarage, Vicarage End and to church of St  Paul, Queens Rd, KT2 7SF 

XI. The Vicarage and Vicarage End, 33a Queens Rd, KT2 7SF 

XII. Kingston Hill War Memorial, St Paul’s Church, Queens Rd, KT2 7SF XIII. Brass plaque with accompanying figure of Christ glorified through suffering,  St Luke’s Church, Gibbon Rd, KT2 6AB 

XIV. Plaque on stone of remembrance dedicated to those killed in a V2  bombing, 22nd January 1945. Park Rd, Kingston.  

These are noted and recognised as important heritage assets in this document but not described further. More information on the Borough-Wide Grade II listing can  be found on the council and Historic England websites:  

North Kingston Forum – Recommendations for new Locally Listed  Buildings 

 

Locally Listed Building # 15 

Name: The Kingston Academy (former Tiffin Girls School)  

Address/location: Richmond Rd, KT2 5PE 

Current list status: unlisted  

A fine example of local inter-war architecture, thought to be designed by Surrey  County Council’s County Architects department. This building opened as The Tiffin  Girls School in 1937, after campaigning for better facilities and moving from the  original school site in Fairfield (now St Joseph’s RC primary school).  By 1987 the school had outgrown this site and ‘moved next door’ to the former  Rivermead School’s site.

 

From 1987 until 2015, the site was referred to as The North Kingston Centre and  used for adult education purposes. In 1995 approval for part of the land to be used  for the erection of a Primary and Nursery school was given (Fernhill Primary School).  The Kingston Academy co-educational secondary free school was established in  2015 on the site. A 2018 Ofsted inspection classified the school as an Outstanding  Provider.  

Due to the higher numbers of local children transferring from local North Kingston  primary schools in September 2020 and 2021, Kingston Educational Trust has  agreed to provide additional 30 places in year 7 for each of these intakes and will  increase the published admission number from 180 to 210.

Famous Alumnae that attended the Tiffin Girls School whilst on this site include,  Lynne Truss-popular author of “Eats, Shoots and Leaves”, Alison Cooper until  recently CEO Imperial Brands, Elspeth Attwooll-former MEP for Scotland.  The site adjoins two other local schools, Fernhill Primary School and The Tiffin Girls  School. Together these 3 schools are part of a wider and recognisable streetscape  leading into Kingston Town Centre from Richmond. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locally Listed Building # 16 

Name: The Cardinal Public House and Tudor Parade shops 

Address/location: 162 - 174 Tudor Drive 

Current list status: unlisted

IMG_1706.jpg
IMG_1716.jpg
IMG_1707.jpg

It is thought that the architect was Joseph Hill the designer of many of Hodgson’s  houses during that period, built as part of the inter-war movement of  improvements to drinking establishments as described in the extract from “Brewery  History”:  

“Brewers began building improved pubs immediately following World War I.  .....certain features made them easily distinguishable from pre-war beerhouses and  pubs: vast size, absence of advertisements pro-claiming the sale of specific beers,  few entrances, opaque windows and (where space permitted) spacious pull-ups  and gardens.  

In planning the construction of improved pubs, brewers employed the most  expensive building materials and, for the first time, the country’s leading architects  as designers. Basil Oliver, E.B. Musmen and Joseph Hill were but three of the most  distinguished architects who undertook numerous commissions for Greene, King &  Sons, Benskins’ Watford Brewery and Hodgson’s Kingston Brewery respectively.  They helped make Tudor architecture popular in the 1920s and Georgian in the  1930s.......  ..... Inside, the Victorian vogues since mid-century for numerous compartments,  ‘gin-palace plate glass windows and embossed or

 
 
 
 
 

back-painted mirrors abruptly  ended, and lengthy bar counters were shortened.... It was the addition of specific  function rooms, however, that most differentiated pre- from post-war pubs.  Customers got dining rooms and a beer quality cuisine. At the most refined, the  food rivaled that served in London’s West End, scarcely surprising given brewers’  penchant for poaching the capital’s leading chefs.”  

Hodgson’s were taken over by Courage in 1943 who ran the public House until 1965.  The Cardinal is an important local landmark and its design features many of the  characteristics of a 1930’s public House. The buildings architecture of simple, well  ordered red brick facades with clay tile roof is very typical of this period and  certainly worth preserving. Its setting is unique; situated opposite the library, a less distinguished  agglomerations of buildings, the pub defines the corner of Hollybush and Tudor  Drive with its angled plan. Its position in the town plan and the area creates a node in the Tudor estate plan, and a central point of interest. Together with the  parade of shops (which also has the typical detailing from the time, albeit not helped by clumsy advertising currently) it forms a mini town centre in the 1930’s  style. The town plan would suffer without this.

IMG_1717.jpg

Locally Listed Building # 17 

Name: St Luke’s Vicarage 

Address/location: 4 Burton Rd, KT2 5TE 

Current list status: unlisted 

IMG_1709.jpg
 

The vicarage was likely built around 1888 as indicated on the council’s building  control database. Likely designed by Edward Birchall and John Kelly who also  designed the Church of St Luke and built by a local building firm W.H. Gaze. 

The church and vicarage were built to serve the railway workers whose houses  form the surrounding streets. Their locations are diagonally opposite each other at  the junction of Burton Road and Gibbon Road and are perfectly balanced with  respect to the surrounding streetscape impact in this suburban townscape of low  level terraced and detached villas. The church spire, endowed and enhanced by  funding from Lady Wolverton, is a key Landmark and can be viewed from many  local points in the area. 

12 

The wife of the first vicar (George Isaac Swinnerton) was well connected and  received sponsorship from many society figures including Princess Mary Adelaide to facilitate the build. 

The house is a large detached red brick building with many of the original external  and internal features intact. The roof gables have a lattice brickwork pattern,  which is very attractive and draws the eye. There is a fine porch to the entrance,  which very much compliments the rest of the street frontage.  

The large garden acts as a very important community Hub. Church based and  local community events are held throughout the year. The garden is also a place  for relaxation and contemplation and is well landscaped with a number of mature  trees and is very much a wildlife garden that has also been nominated as a Local  Green Space in the North Kingston Neighbourhood Plan.

IMG_1718.jpg
 

Locally Listed Building # 18 

Name: Latchmere School  

Address/location: Latchmere Rd, KT2 5TT 

Current list status: unlisted 

IMG_1710.jpg

During the early years of the 1930’s the idea of building a school in the north of the  borough was discussed and put off several times until in 1935 it was finally decided  to go ahead with building a new school. Work started later in the year and in  August 1936, Latchmere Road School opened its doors to pupils for the first time, in  the shape of the building that we came to think of as Latchmere Junior School.  The school was built to hold four hundred pupils.

The school held its official opening in October 1936, with the Mayor of Kingston  cutting the ribbon. One year later, the numbers in the school had grown so much  that the school had to be extended in 1937 and so the section of the building that  became Latchmere Infant school was born. Latchmere Road School was known  as The Latchmere Road Schools by 1938.

  

The design of the school has its main facade facing Latchmere Rec and is  designed in a vernacular Tudor style. It is mainly one storey, and the volumes of the  junior school are centred on a quadrangle, which allows daylight to all classrooms. 

 

Its setting is unique opposite the Latchmere Recreation ground, and forms a  landmark in the area, and a unifying “facade to the Recreation ground itself. It is a  defining part of the Tudor Estate town plan.  

In 2012 Latchmere School converted to an Academy and is a member of the  Latchmere Multi Academy Trust leading in the Latchmere Teaching School  Alliance. The School has a specialist-resourced provision for pupils with Autism. The  2019 Ofsted report indicates Good overall effectiveness with outstanding personal development, behaviour and welfare.  

Jacqueline Wilson, writer and author of the popular Tracy Beaker childrens books,  is a famous alumna of the school. She spent most of her childhood in Kingston  upon Thames where she attended Latchmere Primary School. She wrote her first  ‘novel’ at the age of 9 whilst still a pupil at the school. 

IMG_1719.jpg

Locally Listed Building # 19 

Name: Dysart Estate Historic Wall 

Address/location: 102-110 Lower Ham Rd 

Current list status: unlisted 

IMG_1711.jpg
 

Within the Riverside North Conservation Area (CA 25). The wall the end of an  extensive kitchen garden to the magnificent Nash designed ‘Point Pleasant’  mansion later to be called Bank Grove. The house was built in 1797 and was set in  extensive grounds landscaped by Humphrey Repton that had a quarter mile river  front. Surrey Heritage says that the Ham Tithe map of 1841 shows there was a  mound along the garden on the line of what became the East side of the walled  garden. 

In 1847 the owner Sir John Delves Broughton died. According to London Parks and  Garden Trust, the new owner William Byam Martin set about developing the  grounds ‘with walks, rose gardens, a peach house and vineries’. William Keane  records the splendour of this work in ‘The beauties of Surrey’ in 1849. He writes of a  new gardener’s cottage behind with glass houses and a kitchen garden. These  can be clearly seen on the 1869 Ordnance Survey map. It is likely that the walled  garden was built at the same time as the gardener’s cottage and glasshouses  between 1847-1849. 

IMG_1720.jpg
 

Locally Listed Building # 20 

Name: 18-22  

Address/location: Clifton Road, KT2 6PH  

Current list status: unlisted 

IMG_1712.jpg

Within the Park Road Conservation Area (CA15). Nos. 18, 20 and 22, built in 1898 by  architects Macpherson and Bradley of Chelsea, are a departure from the  prevailing late-Victorian house-types in the area; they are in red brick rather than  stocks, with heavy deep pediments (arched over the windows, triangular at the  gable) and both sash and casement fenestration with a keyed oculus in the  gables. They form a distinctive group (named Ethelred, Alfraeda and Ethelbert in  relief over their windows) and no. 20 retains its original form, including a small brick  side extension, in contrast to the unattractive garage and carport of the other two.  No 24 is a less unusual design, and the featureless redbrick forecourt has not  provided a flattering setting. (Extract from the Park Road Conservation Area Appraisal)

IMG_1721.jpg
 

Locally Listed Building # 21 

Name: The Queens head Public House  

Address/location: 144 Richmond Rd, KT2 5HA 

Current list status: unlisted

IMG_1713.jpg

The Queens Head Public House is a late Victorian building. There is no record of the  building in the local Ordnance Survey (National Library of Scotland on line) map  Surrey VI 1867-1868, but it is clear from the Surrey VI.16 map of 1895 that the whole  area was by this time built up including the Queens Head site that was recorded  as a Public House.  

The building is of red brick with ornate trellis design in the gables and underneath  the window ledge. The windows are likely of original design. There is a coach  house/stable associated with the main building and built at the same time. 

Whilst there is very little garden space at the back, the Richmond Rd and Windsor  Rd road frontage is well maintained. In 2006 a single storey glazed colonnade with  glass pergola was erected to facilitate external seating with colourful planters. The  pub sign is still evident and in good condition. The original front doors were  approved to be reinstated by Kingston council in 2001, and it is likely the windows  are still the original design. 

Some internal alterations have occurred over the years. In 2016 Fullers purchased  the site and a planning application was approved to turn the public house into a ‘pub with rooms’ providing 10 much needed hotel rooms ancillary to the primary  use as an A4 Public House. 

 

The Queens Head holds a prominent position in the Richmond Road North local  centre streetscape and is an attractive and important heritage asset.

IMG_1722.jpg

Locally Listed Building # 22 

Name: The Wych Elm Public House 

Address/location: 93 Elm Rd, KT2 6HT 

Current list status: unlisted

IMG_1714.jpg

The Wych Elm public House is a local asset in many senses of the word in this quiet  residential area. This a traditional Public House with a warm, welcoming and  homely feel. There are two main bars with a removable divider and different areas  are created due to sympathetic extensions over the years.  

Notable features are the attractive green-banded windows signifying its  Charringtons heritage.  

It is understood the site was developed in1882 and became part of the  Charringtons portfolio until 1980 when it stood empty for two years. Charrington’s  produced a gallery of historic images of its properties, including the Wych elm  Public House, and these form part of the National Brewery Heritage Trust  Collection.  

In 1982 Fullers purchased the site and returned the Public House back to full  grandeur with the help of publicans Manuel and Janet Turnes. In 2014, a new Publican took up the mantle and continues with that same ethos today. The interior truly reflects local history with walls adorned with framed photographs  illustrating Kingston’s glory days of aviation history (Sopwith’s factory was just down  the road) alongside other local heros Eadweard Muybridge, RC Sherriff, Nipper the  HMV dog and HG Wells. 

The public House is a prominent feature in the streetscape with an historic pub  sign. It has a late Victorian visual quality with attractive spring and summer planting. Much of the original exterior remains, although the first-floor windows  have been replaced.  

IMG_1723.jpg

The name reflects the street location and the fact that this tree species has been  planted locally. The Wych elm is now acknowledged as the only indisputable British  native elm species.  

There is no record of the building in the local Ordnance Survey (National Library of  Scotland on line) map Surrey VI 1867-1868, but it is clearly seen from the Surrey  VI.16 map of 1895 that the whole area was by this time built up including the Wych  elm site that was recorded as a Public House. 

 
 
IMG_1715.jpg
IMG_1724.jpg
IMG_1725.jpg